Real Estate Profitschina investment in turkey

china investment in turkey


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This video is made possible by curiosity stream get the curiosity stream nebula bundle deal currently on sale for just over a dollar a month at real life lore china is on the rise and has been for the last several decades economically speaking even just half a century ago in the early 1970s

The chinese gdp per capita was on a par with mali and haiti at just over 100 while today it has surpassed countries like russia and is over ten thousand dollars a 100 fold increase further the economy in total ranks second in the world behind only the united states in terms of overall

Nominal gdp this incredible increase in the chinese economy has brought about unprecedented levels of prosperity and new economic visions such as the belt and road initiative which is aimed at investing globally to increase trade and develop a 21st century version of what was the old silk road as part of this economic vision

China has engaged something like 138 countries and 30 international organizations and provided funding for large infrastructure projects across the world like ports railways and more one specific piece of this vision is what is known as the maritime silk road which covers the sea route from china stretching across the south china sea

Over the indian ocean towards africa and on through the suez canal reaching europe through several main ports on the mediterranean essentially it’s a complimentary initiative to the main portions of the initiative aimed at investing and fostering relationships with other countries while ensuring that chinese goods can be supplied globally

But if we zoom in on europe specifically we can see two ports that china has focused on more than most the greek port of piras and the italian port of trieste here china has invested hundreds of millions of dollars into infrastructure and improvements hoping to increase capacity

And ensure that chinese goods are able to be delivered all across europe but there’s just one problem although these ports do grant access to europe it’s still a very long truck or train ride across the continent from them to reach other major cities and towns not to mention that trucks and trains

Are not nearly as efficient as boats and neither are planes for that matter of course if you do wish to continue sailing by ship to reach the rest of europe geography does offer you another option but it does require a slight detour rather than heading straight inland

Towards the heart of europe through a port like trieste your ships may instead turn east through the turkish straits passing through the dardanelles and on through the bosphorus before entering the black sea from here ships can continue sailing up along the coast and into the mouth of the danube river which

Will grant your ships access to much of europe through cities like belgrade budapest vienna and regensburg further with the completion of the rhine-danube canal in the early 1990s ships can move along this route even further than before and reach all the way up to the north sea if desired with access to

Europe’s largest port in rotterdam but what if you could pass through the danube and all of the cities and ports alongside it through maybe a more direct route well this is exactly what china as well as several other countries in the european region are exploring as a direct route to the

Danube from the mediterranean sea would provide an incredible benefit it turns out there are actually two paths being considered for this proposed shortcut option one would connect the danube to the aegean sea near greece by using two existing rivers the morava river which runs through serbia and the vardar river

Which runs through north macedonia and on into greece by connecting these rivers via a canal and widening the river at some points there would be a clean path all the way from thessaloniki on the coast of the aegean sea all the way up to just east of belgrade on the danube river

Of course this option doesn’t come without its challenges as much of the river would be required to be widened and cleaned up you see today much of the river is quite narrow which would prevent the passage of many cargo ships and according to european canal standards the minimum depth must be at

Least four meters and the total width of the canal must be at least 28 meters meaning that although this route could make use of the existing rivers there would still be a lot of work to do to allow full-on cargo ships to pass through in a similar manner

Option two would be to connect the danube through to the adriatic sea near venice this route although still being considered is admittedly a bit tougher to traverse from a geography standpoint the proposed channel would run up through the northern part of italy and connect through the austrian alps via an 88 kilometer long

Tunnel that would then pass through germany up through to near pasau where access to the danube would be granted this route like the previous one would be approximately 700 kilometers in length and make use of smaller existing rivers stemming from the austrian alps however being that this route would

Require an extremely long tunnel kilometers long it would be incredibly difficult but it like the first option would save a massive amount of time for future cargo ships as opposed to going through the black sea route for example while considering the first option the distance from the aegean sea to

Belgrade via the black sea and along the danube is roughly 1900 kilometers compare this to the distance that you would take through the canal which would be somewhere around 1 000 kilometers from the middle of the aegean sea to belgrade therefore ships entering the mediterranean via the

Suez canal from asia like chinese cargo vessels would each be saving around 900 kilometers of transportation time to major european ports and cities like budapest vienna and rotterdam if this canal existed and at an average sailing speed of 10 kilometers an hour that would be the difference in nearly eight

Days of sailing normally versus just over four days with the canal now of course you would have to add in some extra time for canal locks and possibly some traffic but you get the point it would save a massive amount of time and also be way more efficient which ultimately

Will save the chinese a lot of money on the average a european class 5 barge with a length of 109 meters and a width of 11.4 meters can transport about 2 000 tons of goods at a time in order to transport that same amount of goods over land you’d either need

82 trucks or 42 train cars boats and barges are simply more efficient than any land-based transportation method they require significantly less crew to operate take up way less resources and are much more environmentally friendly too and while you might think why hasn’t this been thought of sooner

Well it actually has you see the origins of connecting the danube to the mediterranean in this fashion can be traced all the way back to the 1840s when the idea was originally discussed in 1907 the united states actually established an engineering commission to perform a study of the proposed paths

That could connect the danube to the mediterranean and determine if a canal could be reasonably built but after a few let’s say turbulent geopolitical events in the area over the course of the 20th century like the balkan wars of 1912 and 1913 the first world war the collapse of the

Ottoman empire the second world war the cold war the collapse of yugoslavia and the yugoslav wars of the 1990s the project was eventually put aside the past century has been infamously chaotic for the balkans and chaos breeds fear and uncertainty which are things that outside investors generally don’t appreciate

Even today a project like the canal from the aegean up to belgrade would be complicated by numerous modern geopolitical factors for example the first option for a canal would have to begin in greece an eu member state and run through north macedonia and serbia before entering the danube both of whom

Are non-eu member states serbia’s relationship with kosovo has been the primary factor in them never being able to join the european union while historically both greece and bulgaria have blocked north macedonia from being able to join either would all of these countries be capable of working together to build one of

Europe’s largest canals and further on how would turkey feel about all of this for thousands of years now the city of istanbul and previously constantinople has been located at one of the most strategic locations on the planet at the entry point between the black and mediterranean seas

Which is given the city and whoever controls it immense power and influence over both regional and world affairs if the chinese helped to fund a canal from the danube to the aegean it would effectively give ships moving between the seas or between the danube and the mediterranean

An easy way to circumvent the bosphorus for the first time in human history and radically alter the geopolitical reality of the area forever it would inevitably diminish the strategic location of istanbul and as a consequence turkey might not end up being too happy about it however as china looks to expand her

Influence abroad and influence in global geopolitics we can expect high dollar infrastructure projects like this to happen some way or another at some point in the future and despite the project’s projected 20 billion dollar price tag it wouldn’t be too surprising seeing the thing actually get built anyway sometime in

The next few decades since the project is both technically feasible with modern technology and certainly economically justifiable from the chinese and probably european perspectives too it may be the best time since 1907 to look at altering the geography of the balkans for economic gain and it’s definitely the

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